Väike reisiraamat Portugali

In the southwestern tip of Europe is a land that is often forgotten and ignored by the crowds as a holiday destination: Portugal!
And this is a great advantage because here you will find almost everything that other popular destinations offer, kuid see on vähem ülerahvastatud, vähem kaubanduslik, ja üldiselt odavam!
Since the movement of modern and picturesque capital city where old and new blend harmoniously, to mäed ja tasandikud, läbi viinamarjaistanduste ja heinamaa, on endless beaches and stunning coastline to the tranquil and unspoiled islands, Portugal pakub seda ja palju , more.
Portugal emerged from its status as a ‘poor cousin’ and now invests in tourism in a mature and careful, giving a warm welcome to travelers to this friendly society, avatud ja külalislahke. Siin on meri alati lähedal sellele, mida te teete, et entusiasmi Portugali mereannid on peaaegu riiklik kinnisidee. No visit would be complete without this treat. Try also our wines and cheeses and you will be pleasantly surprised.
Erinevalt paljudest teistest moodsa linna, Lissaboni oma värvikas ajalugu, the electric yellow and lifestyle Latin, retained much of its energy and charm. Saunter through the old center, ümberehitatud 18. sajandil ja seejärel tramm to Belém, where you will find the famous ‘cream puffs’.
Famous for its beaches so the Algarve coastline from the south. Most visitors arrive and depart here by Faro airport which is fairly central with good access to the charming destinations along this beautiful coast.
The Harbour in an attractive location at the mouth of the Douro River on the banks of which grow the grapes to make the famous Port Wine that has the name of which is the second largest city of Portugal. Kui laval on suur Napoleoni lahing, charming alleede maha kalle jõe, mis määrab selle piirkonna. To better see the sights make a boat trip upriver.
Coimbra is the academic center of Portugal and was for a short period, 1. riigi pealinna. See maja on üks vanimaid ülikoole Euroopas ja sisaldab vapustavaid arhitektuur. Relax and listen to the particular style of Coimbra fado, traditional Portuguese music.
The main wine-producing region is Alentejo, also known for cheeses and hams, kus keskaegsed külad ja muinasaja mälestiste iseloomustavad seda ajatu maa. Visit Évora, a city complete with Roman monuments dating back over two millennia.
The landscape of Portugal is perhaps the most dazzling and diverse is that found in the subtropical island of Madeira. The picturesque coastline and steep cliffs soon give way to the foothills. Läbi banaaniistanduste, viinamarjaistanduste, rohelised orud ja vanim mets Euroopas, every bend in the road offers unbeatable panoramic opportunities. From the sunny and sophisticated capital, Funchal, to the wild north coast, this is a destination well established that for sure will impress you!
There are so many interesting places to visit in Portugal that mere words can never do justice to him, Parim variant on, muidugi, tule vaata ise!
Mida sa peaksid teadma Portugali
The Portuguese are known worldwide, such as browsers, footballers and poets.
Despite having been formed by several elements, the Portuguese population is one of the most homogeneous in Europe and the majority (umbes 95%) are Catholic. Vähem kui 1% elanikkonnast on protestantlik. Juudi elanikkond on alati olnud väga madal, mis põhjustas juutide teisendada või emigreeruda.
The dance and song are a strong way of life so typical of this people. Each region has its own style of dance and songs and is often used instruments like the accordion, mandoliin, bass drum, ukulele, tamburiin, flööt, torupill, viiul, akordion (popular dances) ja portugali kitarr (the fate). The bride, tuntud kogu maailmas, mirrors the longing, one side of the most romantic and melancholic character of the inhabitants of Portugal.
Tagasihoidlik, sõbralikud ja külalislahked, Portugali kasvatada kunsti külalislahkus, mitte ainult paljud struktuurid turism, vaid ka omas kodus, whether or not the song say: "In a house looks good Portuguese bread and wine on the table and if someone knocks at the door cheerfully, sitting at the table with us! "
Time of Meal
Süüa restoranides Portugalis, the time varies somewhat. Portugali tavaliselt on lõuna vahel 12.30 ja 15h. Tavaline õhtusöök serveeritakse vahel 19h30 ja 23H. Aga, on palju restorane, mis võimaldab teil nautida oma sööki kuni 01:00 või 02:00.
Hours of Trade
Portugal on suurepärane koht täielik shopping kogemus. Kuna traditsioonilised poed ja tüüpiline kaubandus, the shops of international brands and luxury, Portugal on see kõik.
The stores in major shopping areas are open Monday to Friday from 9h to 19h, suletud lõunat alates 13h kuni 14.30.
On Saturdays the stores are only open from 9h to 13h except in tourist areas like the Chiado in Lisbon and the Algarve in the high season in which the same close to 19h.
In shopping centers throughout the country stores open every day (except on January 1 and December 25) from 10h to 23h.
Kohalik vool on 230 volts to ground and is done by a plug with two pins.
Before you rent a car in Portugal, on mõned asjad, mida sa peaksid teadma:
The Portuguese drive on the right lane of the road;
Turvavööde kasutamine on kohustuslik;
"Kui juua, do not drive" on üks loosungeid kasutatakse Portugal. The level of alcohol is allowed to 0.5 g / l and almost reached to the use of a beer;
Generally, Sõidukite paremalt läheneva on eesõigus, except when there is signage that says otherwise.
Erivajadustega inimestele
There is a telephone service bus for the disabled in Lisbon (217,585,676) ja Porto (226 006 353), ja taksoteenus, mis on mõeldud puuetega inimestele, Braga (253 684 081) ja Coimbra (239,484,522).
National hädaabinumber: 112
(For fire, politsei ja kiirabi)
Väljahelistamise koodi Portugali: 00,351
Kiirabi: 808 201 068
Pharmacy: 800 20 21 34/35/36/13
Portugal on kuulus oma gastronoomia ja veinid. Since the typical taverns to upscale restaurants cooking more refined, there are plenty of options for you to enjoy a delicious dining experience. Viimane või tipptasemel restoranid pakuvad taimetoidud.
Although the salt cod is one of the most famous ingredients of Portuguese cuisine, see kala on pärit Kanada ja Norra, since the cold waters of their Atlantic coasts allow there to be many large schools. There are thousands of recipes for preparing cod!
Lihatoidud on väga erinev riik, however there are two regions that are famous for their specialties: Alentejo, with regard to pig, and Tras-os-Montes, with excellent sausages.
Leiva ja juustuga:
Each region of Portugal has your typical bread and cheese. The country’s most famous cheese is Serra cheese produced at Serra da Estrela. The Azeitão cheese produced near Lisbon, on ka maitsev. In all restaurants served bread to accompany meals – and when it is homemade, ja jõuavad värsked pagari lähedal.
Portugali maiustused on mitmekesine ja ulatub üle 10 Sajandeid. In weight of the Ruler can indulge in the sweets of the Rule and, Lissabonis, to go through Belém, be sure to taste the famous pastel de Belém
Portugal on eriti kuulus oma kangendatud veinid: Port veini ja Madeira veini, excellent both as aperitifs or digestives. Aga, the traditional culture and wine are all over the country. The Douro region is now one of the world famous thanks to its DOC wines. Nagu Châteaux de Prantsusmaal, today there are many wines called from their farms of origin in the Douro. The Alentejo and Dao also produce great red wines, valge ja roosa. Ringkäik Portugal saab põnev reis veini degusteerimine!
Kuigi on ka tarbitakse koos toiduga, beer is particularly popular in the late afternoon drink on a terrace on hot days.
Kliima, läbi selle mõju taimestikule, jagab Portugal. Kuna Hispaanias, seotud kolme tüüpi mõjude: the Atlantic, Mandri-ja Vahemere. The Atlantic is prevalent, mis teeb suures osas riigist kuulub märgala Pürenee poolsaarel. See on eriti tõendab loodes, where the climate is temperate and rainy. Portugal finds himself influenced by the beneficial action of the sea winds, eriti mööda pikk rannajoon 700 km long.
Niiskus väheneb, kui me minema kaldast, valdavalt mandri kliima funktsioon, välja arvatud oru põhja Taguse, kus ilm jääb märg ja pehme.
Põhja piirkonnas kasu Atlandi tsüklonite ajal Lõuna-ja Ida domineerivad subtroopiline antitsüklon, mis lubab temperatuuri tõusu kuni 40 º C in summer The climate varies with altitude and higher temperatures there are usually in the lower regions of the south.
Lühidalt, Portugal is a country with a climate that does not have temperatures exorbitantly high nor too low. Kõik sõltub ala ja aeg aastas soovite, et teie külastus.
Portugali on romantiline keel. As with all languages ​​of the same group, Portuguese is a direct descendant of latin soldiers and Roman settlers and not the classical latin of the educated citizens of Rome. It was developed in ancient Gallaeci (now Galicia, northwest Spain) ja Põhja-Portugalis, to Portuguese today. It holds its importance (as a second language romantic, siis on Hispaania, nii kõnelejate arv) suuresti tänu oma positsiooni keeles Brasiilia, rohkem kui 200 miljonit inimest räägivad selles keeles. Portugalis on umbes 10 miljonit speakers. It is estimated that also are about 4.6 miljonit inimest räägivad Portugali Aafrikas (some speaking Creole) ja umbes 500,000 Ameerika Ühendriikides.
Seal on 5 peamised Portugali murderühmade, kõik vastastikku mõistetav: (1) North (2) Kesk-, või Beira, (3) Lõuna (including Lisbon, Alentejo ja Algarve), (4) Insular (mis hõlmab murrete Assooride ja Madeira) ja (5) Brasiilia.
Typical of the phonetic system is the use of Portuguese nasal vowels, represented in orthography by m or following the vowel (eg yes, right) or the tilde (~) üle täishäälik (näiteks käsi, rahvas).
Source: Portugal live

Fakte Portugal
Geographical coordinates: 39 30 N 00 8 Sisse
Piirkond: 92 000 km ² including the Azores and Madeira
Rannajoon: 1793 km
Elanikkond: 10708000
Oodatav eluiga sünnimomendil:
                                    mehed: 75 aastat
                                    women: 82 aastat
       Catholics 84.5%,
       teiste kristlike 2.2%,
       teine 0.3%
       tundmatu 9%
       none 3.9%
Keel: Portugali (ametlik)
                  Mirandese (ametlik – kasutada kohapeal)
Type of Government: Democratic Republic of parliamentary
Kapital: Lissaboni
Raha: € Euro
Time zone: GMT



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