Portugal

Mali vodič Portugala

In the southwestern tip of Europe is a land that is often forgotten and ignored by the crowds as a holiday destination: Portugal!
And this is a great advantage because here you will find almost everything that other popular destinations offer, ali to je manje gužve, manje komercijalne, i općenito jeftiniji!
Since the movement of modern and picturesque capital city where old and new blend harmoniously, na planine i ravnice, kroz vinograde i livade, on endless beaches and stunning coastline to the tranquil and unspoiled islands, Portugal ima to i puno , more.
Portugal emerged from its status as a ‘poor cousin’ and now invests in tourism in a mature and careful, giving a warm welcome to travelers to this friendly society, otvoreni i gostoljubivi. Ovdje je more uvijek blizu tome što učiniti s tom entuzijazmu s plodovima mora portugalskog je gotovo nacionalna opsesija. No visit would be complete without this treat. Try also our wines and cheeses and you will be pleasantly surprised.
Za razliku od mnogih drugih modernih gradova, Lisabonski sa svojim šarenim povijesti, the electric yellow and lifestyle Latin, retained much of its energy and charm. Saunter through the old center, obnovljena u osamnaestom stoljeću, a zatim se tramvajem do Belem, where you will find the famous ‘cream puffs’.
Famous for its beaches so the Algarve coastline from the south. Most visitors arrive and depart here by Faro airport which is fairly central with good access to the charming destinations along this beautiful coast.
The Harbour in an attractive location at the mouth of the Douro River on the banks of which grow the grapes to make the famous Port Wine that has the name of which is the second largest city of Portugal. Poprište velike bitke Napoleonovih, šarmantan ulicama niz padinu do rijeke koja definira ovu oblast. To better see the sights make a boat trip upriver.
Coimbra is the academic center of Portugal and was for a short period, Prvi glavni grad države. U njoj se nalazi jedan od najstarijih sveučilišta u Europi i sadrži neke lijepe arhitekture. Relax and listen to the particular style of Coimbra fado, traditional Portuguese music.
The main wine-producing region is Alentejo, also known for cheeses and hams, gdje srednjovjekovnih sela i prapovijesni spomenici karakteriziraju ovu vječnu zemlju. Visit Évora, a city complete with Roman monuments dating back over two millennia.
The landscape of Portugal is perhaps the most dazzling and diverse is that found in the subtropical island of Madeira. The picturesque coastline and steep cliffs soon give way to the foothills. Preko banana plantaže, vinogradi, zelene doline i najstarija šuma u Europi, every bend in the road offers unbeatable panoramic opportunities. From the sunny and sophisticated capital, Funchal, to the wild north coast, this is a destination well established that for sure will impress you!
There are so many interesting places to visit in Portugal that mere words can never do justice to him, najbolja opcija je, naravno, doći vidjeti za sebe!
Što trebate znati o portugalskom
The Portuguese are known worldwide, such as browsers, footballers and poets.
Despite having been formed by several elements, the Portuguese population is one of the most homogeneous in Europe and the majority (oko 95%) are Catholic. Manje od 1% stanovništva je protestantska. Židovska populacija je uvijek ostao vrlo nizak, što je izazvalo Židovi pretvoriti ili emigrirati.
The dance and song are a strong way of life so typical of this people. Each region has its own style of dance and songs and is often used instruments like the accordion, mandolina, bas bubanj, ukulele, daire, flauta, gajde, violina, harmonika (popular dances) i portugalski gitara (the fate). The bride, poznat u cijelom svijetu, mirrors the longing, one side of the most romantic and melancholic character of the inhabitants of Portugal.
Skroman, prijateljski i gostoljubivi, Portugalski kultivirati umijeće gostoprimstva, ne samo u mnoge objekte za turizam, ali iu vlastitim domovima, whether or not the song say: "In a house looks good Portuguese bread and wine on the table and if someone knocks at the door cheerfully, sitting at the table with us! "
Time of Meal
Jesti u restoranima u Portugalu, the time varies somewhat. Portugalski obično su ručak između 12h30 i 15h. Obično večera se poslužuje između 19h30 i 23h. Međutim, postoje brojni restorani koji omogućuju vam da uživate u obroku do 01:00 ili 02:00.
Hours of Trade
Portugal je izvrsno mjesto za potpuni shopping iskustvo. Od tradicionalnih dućana i trgovina tipičnim, the shops of international brands and luxury, Portugal ima sve.
The stores in major shopping areas are open Monday to Friday from 9h to 19h, zatvoren za ručak od 13h do 14h30.
On Saturdays the stores are only open from 9h to 13h except in tourist areas like the Chiado in Lisbon and the Algarve in the high season in which the same close to 19h.
In shopping centers throughout the country stores open every day (except on January 1 and December 25) from 10h to 23h.
Mains
Lokalni struja 230 volts to ground and is done by a plug with two pins.
Vožnja
Before you rent a car in Portugal, postoje neke stvari koje bi trebali znati:
The Portuguese drive on the right lane of the road;
Uporaba sigurnosnog pojasa je obavezno;
"Ako pijete, do not drive" jedan je od slogana koji se koriste u Portugalu. The level of alcohol is allowed to 0.5 g / l and almost reached to the use of a beer;
Generally, vozila približavaju s desne imaju prednost, except when there is signage that says otherwise.
Sadržaji s invaliditetom
There is a telephone service bus for the disabled in Lisbon (217,585,676) i Porto (226 006 353), i taxi usluge, koji je namijenjen za osobe s invaliditetom, Braga (253 684 081) i Coimbra (239,484,522).
Hitan
Nacionalni broj za hitne slučajeve: 112
(For fire, policija i hitna pomoć)
Pristupni kod za Portugal: 00,351
Hitna pomoć: 808 201 068
Pharmacy: 800 20 21 34/35/36/13
HRANA I VINO
Portugal je poznat po gastronomiji i vinima. Since the typical taverns to upscale restaurants cooking more refined, there are plenty of options for you to enjoy a delicious dining experience. Najnoviji ili vrhunski restorani nude vegetarijanske jela.
Cod:
Although the salt cod is one of the most famous ingredients of Portuguese cuisine, ova riba se uvozi iz Kanade i Norveške, since the cold waters of their Atlantic coasts allow there to be many large schools. There are thousands of recipes for preparing cod!
Meso:
Jela od mesa su vrlo raznolika u cijeloj zemlji, however there are two regions that are famous for their specialties: Alentejo, with regard to pig, and Tras-os-Montes, with excellent sausages.
Kruh i sir:
Each region of Portugal has your typical bread and cheese. The country’s most famous cheese is Serra cheese produced at Serra da Estrela. The Azeitão cheese produced near Lisbon, Također je ukusna. In all restaurants served bread to accompany meals – and when it is homemade, i stići će svježe iz pekare u blizini.
Slatkiši:
Portugalske slastice je raznovrsna i ide natrag preko 10 stoljeća. In weight of the Ruler can indulge in the sweets of the Rule and, u Lisabonu, to go through Belém, be sure to taste the famous pastel de Belém
Vina:
Portugal je posebno poznat po svojim pojačana vina: Port vino i vino Madeira, excellent both as aperitifs or digestives. Međutim, the traditional culture and wine are all over the country. The Douro region is now one of the world famous thanks to its DOC wines. Kao i kod Chateaux de France, today there are many wines called from their farms of origin in the Douro. The Alentejo and Dao also produce great red wines, bijelo i ružičasto. Turneja kroz Portugala može biti fascinantno putovanje kušanja vina!
Piva:
Iako se konzumira uz obroke, beer is particularly popular in the late afternoon drink on a terrace on hot days.
Klima
Klima, kroz njezin utjecaj na vegetaciju, podijeliti Portugal. Kao u Španjolskoj, uključena tri vrste utjecaja: the Atlantic, Kontinentalna i mediteranska. The Atlantic is prevalent, što čini velik dio zemlje spada u močvare u Iberijskog poluotoka. To se posebno očituje na sjeverozapadu, where the climate is temperate and rainy. Portugal finds himself influenced by the beneficial action of the sea winds, osobito uz dugoj obali 700 km long.
Vlažnost zraka opada kako idemo daleko od obale, uglavnom u kontinentalnoj klimi lice, s izuzetkom doline sjeverno od Tejo, gdje je vrijeme i dalje mokre i meke.
Sjevernoj regiji ima koristi od Atlantskog ciklona, ​​dok su Jug i Istok dominira suptropske anticiklone koja omogućava temperature rastu do 40 º C in summer The climate varies with altitude and higher temperatures there are usually in the lower regions of the south.
Ukratko, Portugal is a country with a climate that does not have temperatures exorbitantly high nor too low. Sve ovisi o području prodaje i doba godine se odlučite da Vaš posjet.
Jezik
Portugalski je romantična jezik. As with all languages ​​of the same group, Portuguese is a direct descendant of latin soldiers and Roman settlers and not the classical latin of the educated citizens of Rome. It was developed in ancient Gallaeci (now Galicia, northwest Spain) i Sjeverni Portugal, to Portuguese today. It holds its importance (as a second language romantic, zatim španjolski, s obzirom na broj govornika) uglavnom zbog svog položaja kao jezik u Brazilu, gdje je više od 200 milijun ljudi govore ovaj jezik. U Portugalu ima oko 10 milijuna zvučnici. It is estimated that also are about 4.6 milijun ljudi govori portugalski u Africi (some speaking Creole) te o 500,000 u Sjedinjenim Američkim Državama.
Postoji pet glavnih skupina narječja Portuguese, sve međusobno razumljivi: (1) North (2) Središnji, ili Beira, (3) Južna (including Lisbon, Alentejo Algarve i), (4) Otočni (koja obuhvaća dijalekte od Azori i Madeira) i (5) Brazilac.
Typical of the phonetic system is the use of Portuguese nasal vowels, represented in orthography by m or following the vowel (eg yes, right) or the tilde (~) preko vokala (npr. ruka, nacija).
Source: Portugal Uživo

Činjenice o Portugalu
Geographical coordinates: 39 30 N 00 8 U
Površina: 92 000 km ² including the Azores and Madeira
Obala: 1793 km
Stanovništvo: 10708000
Očekivano trajanje života pri rođenju:
                                    ljudi: 75 godina
                                    women: 82 godina
Religije:
       Catholics 84.5%,
       druga kršćanska 2.2%,
       drugi 0.3%
       nepoznat 9%
       none 3.9%
Jezik: Portugalski (službenik)
                  Mirandese (službenik – koriste lokalno)
Type of Government: Democratic Republic of parliamentary
Kapital: Lisabon
Valuta: € €
Time zone: GMT