Portugāle

Neliels ceļvedis Portugāles

In the southwestern tip of Europe is a land that is often forgotten and ignored by the crowds as a holiday destination: Portugāle!
And this is a great advantage because here you will find almost everything that other popular destinations offer, bet tas ir mazāk pārpildīts, mazāk komerciāls, un parasti ir lētāki!
Since the movement of modern and picturesque capital city where old and new blend harmoniously, uz kalniem un līdzenumiem, ar vīna dārziem un pļavām, on endless beaches and stunning coastline to the tranquil and unspoiled islands, Portugal piedāvā šo un vēl daudz , more.
Portugal emerged from its status as a ‘poor cousin’ and now invests in tourism in a mature and careful, giving a warm welcome to travelers to this friendly society, atvērta un viesmīlīgi. Šeit jūra ir vienmēr tuvu tam, ko jūs darīt ar šo entuziasmu ar Portugāles veltes ir gandrīz valsts apsēstība. No visit would be complete without this treat. Try also our wines and cheeses and you will be pleasantly surprised.
Atšķirībā no daudzām citām mūsdienu pilsētām, Lisabona ar savu daudzkrāsaino vēsturi, the electric yellow and lifestyle Latin, retained much of its energy and charm. Saunter through the old center, pārbūvēta XVIII gadsimtā, un tad ar tramvaju līdz Belem, where you will find the famous ‘cream puffs’.
Famous for its beaches so the Algarve coastline from the south. Most visitors arrive and depart here by Faro airport which is fairly central with good access to the charming destinations along this beautiful coast.
The Harbour in an attractive location at the mouth of the Douro River on the banks of which grow the grapes to make the famous Port Wine that has the name of which is the second largest city of Portugal. Reiz posms lielā Napoleona kaujas, Apburošās alejas lejup uz upi, kas nosaka šo reģionu. To better see the sights make a boat trip upriver.
Coimbra is the academic center of Portugal and was for a short period, pirmā galvaspilsēta valsts. Tā mājas vienu no vecākajām universitātēm Eiropā, un tajā ir daži brīnišķīgi arhitektūra. Relax and listen to the particular style of Coimbra fado, traditional Portuguese music.
The main wine-producing region is Alentejo, also known for cheeses and hams, kur viduslaiku ciemati un aizvēsturiska pieminekļi raksturo šo mūžīgo zemi. Visit Évora, a city complete with Roman monuments dating back over two millennia.
The landscape of Portugal is perhaps the most dazzling and diverse is that found in the subtropical island of Madeira. The picturesque coastline and steep cliffs soon give way to the foothills. Cauri banānu plantācijām, vīna dārzi, zaļā ielejas un vecākā meža Eiropā, every bend in the road offers unbeatable panoramic opportunities. From the sunny and sophisticated capital, Funšala, to the wild north coast, this is a destination well established that for sure will impress you!
There are so many interesting places to visit in Portugal that mere words can never do justice to him, labākais variants ir, protams, nākt redzēt sevi!
Ko jums vajadzētu zināt par Portugāles
The Portuguese are known worldwide, such as browsers, footballers and poets.
Despite having been formed by several elements, the Portuguese population is one of the most homogeneous in Europe and the majority (par 95%) are Catholic. Mazāk par 1% gada iedzīvotāju skaits ir protestantu. Ebreju iedzīvotāji vienmēr ir palicis ļoti zems, kas radīja ebreji, lai pārveidotu vai emigrēt.
The dance and song are a strong way of life so typical of this people. Each region has its own style of dance and songs and is often used instruments like the accordion, mandolīna, bass bungas, havajiešu ģitāra, tamburīns, flauta, dūdas, vijole, akordeons (popular dances) un Portugāles ģitāra (the fate). The bride, pazīstams visā pasaulē, mirrors the longing, one side of the most romantic and melancholic character of the inhabitants of Portugal.
Pazemīgs, draudzīgu un sveikt, Portugāles kultivēt viesmīlības mākslu, ne tikai daudzās struktūras tūrismā, bet arī savās mājās, whether or not the song say: "In a house looks good Portuguese bread and wine on the table and if someone knocks at the door cheerfully, sitting at the table with us! "
Time of Meal
Ēst restorānos Portugālē, the time varies somewhat. Portugāles parasti ir pusdienas starp 12h30 un 15h. Parastā vakariņas tiek pasniegtas no 19h30 un 23h. Tomēr, ir daudzi restorāni, kas ļauj baudīt maltīti līdz 1:00 vai 02:00.
Hours of Trade
Portugāle ir lieliska vieta, lai pabeigtu iepirkšanās pieredzi. Jo tradicionālo veikalu un tipisku tirdzniecības, the shops of international brands and luxury, Portugal ir viss.
The stores in major shopping areas are open Monday to Friday from 9h to 19h, slēgts pusdienām no 13H līdz 14h30.
On Saturdays the stores are only open from 9h to 13h except in tourist areas like the Chiado in Lisbon and the Algarve in the high season in which the same close to 19h.
In shopping centers throughout the country stores open every day (except on January 1 and December 25) from 10h to 23h.
Mains
Vietējā strāva ir 230 volts to ground and is done by a plug with two pins.
Braukšana
Before you rent a car in Portugal, ir dažas lietas, jums vajadzētu zināt:
The Portuguese drive on the right lane of the road;
Drošības jostas lietošana ir obligāti;
"Ja jūs dzert, do not drive" ir viens no saukļiem, ko izmanto Portugālē. The level of alcohol is allowed to 0.5 g / l and almost reached to the use of a beer;
Generally, transportlīdzekļiem, kas tuvojas no labās puses ir priekšroka, except when there is signage that says otherwise.
Invalīdu iespējas
There is a telephone service bus for the disabled in Lisbon (217,585,676) un Porto (226 006 353), un taksometru pakalpojumu, kas ir paredzēta cilvēkiem ar invaliditāti, Braga (253 684 081) un Coimbra (239,484,522).
Avārijas
Nacionālais neatliekamās palīdzības numurs: 112
(For fire, policija un ātrā palīdzība)
Piekļuves kods Portugālei: 00,351
Ātrā palīdzība: 808 201 068
Pharmacy: 800 20 21 34/35/36/13
PĀRTIKAS UN VĪNA
Portugāle ir slavena ar savu virtuvi un tās vīnu. Since the typical taverns to upscale restaurants cooking more refined, there are plenty of options for you to enjoy a delicious dining experience. Pēdējie vai satriecošs restorāni piedāvā veģetārie ēdieni.
Cod:
Although the salt cod is one of the most famous ingredients of Portuguese cuisine, Šī zivs ir importēti no Kanādas un Norvēģijas, since the cold waters of their Atlantic coasts allow there to be many large schools. There are thousands of recipes for preparing cod!
Gaļa:
Gaļas ēdieni ir ļoti atšķirīga valsts, however there are two regions that are famous for their specialties: Alentejo, with regard to pig, and Tras-os-Montes, with excellent sausages.
Maize un siers:
Each region of Portugal has your typical bread and cheese. The country’s most famous cheese is Serra cheese produced at Serra da Estrela. The Azeitão cheese produced near Lisbon, ir arī garšīgi. In all restaurants served bread to accompany meals – and when it is homemade, un ieradīsies svaigi no maizes tuvumā.
Saldumi:
Portugāles saldumi ir daudzveidīga un iet atpakaļ gaitā 10 gs. In weight of the Ruler can indulge in the sweets of the Rule and, in Lisbon, to go through Belém, be sure to taste the famous pastel de Belém
Vīni:
Portugāle ir īpaši slavens ar saviem stiprinātajiem vīniem: Portvīna un Madeiras vīns, excellent both as aperitifs or digestives. Tomēr, the traditional culture and wine are all over the country. The Douro region is now one of the world famous thanks to its DOC wines. Kā ar Châteaux de France, today there are many wines called from their farms of origin in the Douro. The Alentejo and Dao also produce great red wines, baltais un rozā. Caur Portugāli ceļojums var būt fascinējošs ceļojums vīna degustāciju!
Alus:
Lai gan tas ir arī patērē ēšanas, beer is particularly popular in the late afternoon drink on a terrace on hot days.
Klimats
Klimats, izmantojot savu ietekmi uz veģetāciju, šķir Portugāli. Kā Spānijā, iesaistīti trīs veidu ietekmi: the Atlantic, Kontinentālās un Vidusjūras. The Atlantic is prevalent, kas padara daudz no valsts ietilpst mitrājā visas Ibērijas pussalas. Tas ir īpaši apliecina uz ziemeļrietumiem, where the climate is temperate and rainy. Portugal finds himself influenced by the beneficial action of the sea winds, īpaši gar tās bagātā piekrastē 700 km long.
Mitrums samazinās, kā mēs iet prom no krasta, pārsvarā darbojas kontinentālā klimatā funkciju, izņemot ielejā uz ziemeļiem no Tagus upes, ja laika apstākļi ir mitrs un mīksts.
Ziemeļu reģionā ieguvumi no Atlantijas cikloni, bet dienvidu un austrumu dominē subtropisko anticiklons, kas ļauj temperatūra pieaug līdz pat 40 º C in summer The climate varies with altitude and higher temperatures there are usually in the lower regions of the south.
Īsumā, Portugal is a country with a climate that does not have temperatures exorbitantly high nor too low. Viss ir atkarīgs no reģiona un gadalaika izvēlaties, lai jūsu apmeklējuma.
Valoda
Portugāļu ir romantisks valoda. As with all languages ​​of the same group, Portuguese is a direct descendant of latin soldiers and Roman settlers and not the classical latin of the educated citizens of Rome. It was developed in ancient Gallaeci (now Galicia, northwest Spain) un Portugāles ziemeļos, to Portuguese today. It holds its importance (as a second language romantic, tad spāņu, skaita ziņā runātāju) lielā mērā pateicoties arī tā ir valoda Brazīlijas, kur vairāk nekā 200 miljoni cilvēku runā šo valodu. Portugālē ir aptuveni 10 miljoni skaļruņi. It is estimated that also are about 4.6 miljoni cilvēku runā portugāļu Āfrikā (some speaking Creole) un par 500,000 ASV.
Ir piecas galvenās Portugāles dialektā grupas, visi savstarpēji saprotamā: (1) North (2) Galvenais, vai Beira, (3) South (including Lisbon, Alentejo un Algarve), (4) Insular (kas ietver dialekti, Azoru salu un Madeiras) un (5) Brazīlijas.
Typical of the phonetic system is the use of Portuguese nasal vowels, represented in orthography by m or following the vowel (eg yes, right) or the tilde (~) virs patskaņa (piemēram, pārnēsājamā, tauta).
Source: Portugal tiešraidē

Fakti par Portugāli
Geographical coordinates: 39 30 N 00 8 Jo
Platība: 92 000 km ² including the Azores and Madeira
Piekrastes līnija: 1793 km
Iedzīvotāji: 10708000
Paredzamais jaundzimušo mūža ilgums:
                                    cilvēki: 75 gadi
                                    women: 82 gadi
Reliģijām:
       Catholics 84.5%,
       citu kristiešu 2.2%,
       cits 0.3%
       nezināms 9%
       none 3.9%
Valoda: Portugāļu (amatpersona)
                  Mirandese (amatpersona – lietots lokāli)
Type of Government: Democratic Republic of parliamentary
Kapitāls: Lisabona
Valūta: LVL Euro
Time zone: GMT

 

 


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